Latin Name : Menthae piperitae, Fam. Labiatae
Sensoric quality : Characteristically pure and refreshing odour, pungent and burning taste.
Main constituents : The essential oil of peppermint (up to 2.5% in the dried leaves) is mostly made up from menthol
(ca. 50%), menthone (10 to 30%), menthyl esters (up to 10%) and further monoterpene derivatives (pulegone, piperitone, menthofurane).
Traces of jasmone (0.1%) improve the oil's quality remarkably.
Menthol and menthyl acetate are responsible for the pungent and refreshing odour; they are mostly found in older leaves and are preferentially formed during long daily sunlight periods. On the other hand, the ketones menthone and pulegon (and menthofurane) have a less delightful fragrance; they appear to higher fraction in young leaves and their formation is preferred during short days.
Uses: Use mint as flavored tea, or to add zest to marinades. Can also be stired into warmed apple or currant jelly for a quick meat sauce or dessert topping.
Medicinal Uses : ANTIFLATULANT, Colonic Disorders
Availability : Leaves, Crushed, Fine Cut.